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Interior of St. Mary’s Basilica with polychromy designed by Jan Matejko
The interior of St. Mary's Basilica in Krakow is not only the majestic architecture and impressive works of sacred art, but also the extraordinary polychrome created by one of Poland's most eminent painters, Jan Matejko. This exceptional polychromy creates a unique atmosphere both throughout the interior of the church and especially around the famous altar of Wit Stwosz, taking the viewer on an extraordinary journey through time and space. The polychrome in St Mary's Basilica, designed by Jan Matejko, is a work created between 1889 and 1891, with the aim of restoring the former splendour and colours that were characteristic of the Gothic architectural style. The polychrome is therefore not only decorative, but also an attempt to restore the spirit of the era in which the Basilica was built. Matejko's polychrome is distinguished by its great richness of detail and precision of execution. Every detail is carefully and artistically worked out, creating an impression of complete harmony and deep meaning. Matejko's polychromy blends perfectly with Wit Stwosz's altarpiece, which is one of the most important late Gothic sculptural works in Europe. The colourful paintings highlight the details and enhance the beauty of the sculptures, creating a coherent whole. Matejko's paintings not only decorate the interior, but also carry a deep symbolism and spiritual message. The polychrome creates a unique religious and cultural atmosphere, inspiring the faithful and visitors to reflect on Christian and national values. In summary, the interior of St Mary's Basilica with its polychromy designed by Jan Matejko is a remarkable phenomenon that combines art, history and spirituality into one coherent whole. It is a place that inspires and delights, creating a unique atmosphere that lasts for centuries.